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5.25.2019

Urias, Queralt i Alonso-Cuevillas i el Congrés de Diputats

1
Se equivoca la Mesa del Congreso. El 384 bis LECrim no es aplicable a los diputados presos. Sólo lo era para los cargos previos al Auto de procesamiento.
Por eso hace un año el Supremo comunicó al Parlament la suspensión. Ahora el propio tribunal creyó que no se aplicaba.

O sea: el Supremo cree que no es de aplicación la suspensión extraordinaria de la ley de enjuiciamiento, pero el Congreso la aplica.
El Congreso interpretando la LECrim y el Supremo el Reglamento del Congreso.
De locos.
Todo vale para echar a estos diputados del Parlamento.

El Supremo dice -implícitamente- que el art. 384 bis no vale para suspender.
Los letrados del Congreso dicen que el Reglamento del Congreso no vale para suspender.
Pero al final los Diputados están suspendidos.
Se lesiona el derecho de participación política. Muy claramente.

Font/Source:
https://twitter.com/jpurias/status/1131917755828064262?s=19

2
Avui l'estat ha llençat encara més pel desguàs l'estat de dret. Res que tingui a veure amb el procés es resol conforme al dret vigent.
Han decidit no atorgar cap garantia a qui no combregui amb el seu concepte d'Espanya: dret de l'enemic.
Això és el seu constitucionalisme.
https://twitter.com/JoanQueralt/status/1131949433183232000?s=19

3
https://twitter.com/cuevillasjacs/status/1131690662171168769?s=19

La suspensión de un Diputado no es competencia de la Mesa, sino del Pleno, previa elevación de propuesta razonada por la Comisión del Estatuto de los Diputados (arts. 48.2 y 48.3 del Reglamento del Congreso de los Diputados)

La suspensión sólo procede si la Cámara ha concedido previamente el suplicatorio (art. 21.1.2º del Reglamento del Congreso de los Diputados), que debe ser acordado por el Pleno, previo examen por la Comisión del Estatuto de los Diputados (arts. 13 y 14 RCD)

La Presidencia del Congreso, una vez conocida cualquier actuación judicial que pudiera obstaculizar el mandato de un Diputado, adoptará de inmediato cuantas medidas sean necesarias para salvaguardar sus derechos y prerrogativas  (art. 12 Reglamento del Congreso de los Diputados)

Conclusión:
Sin suplicatorio no puede haber suspensión

Pese a las rocambolescas interpretaciones del Tribunal Supremo, la Sala estaba obligada a poner en conocimiento del Congreso la existencia de causa pendiente contra Diputados y Senadores procesados (art. 751, 2º párrafo, de la Ley de Enjuiciamiento Criminal)
https://t.co/J4vj6ii8Cs

El “pequeño” problema es que la Ley obliga a que el proceso quede suspendido desde la comunicación hasta que las respectivas Cámaras resuelvan lo que tenga por conveniente (art. 753 de la Ley de Enjuiciamiento Criminal) https://t.co/6KpuuK21qF

Esa es la partida de ping-pong entre Marchena (que no quiere pedir el suplicatorio para no tener que suspender el juicio) y Batet (que no quiere iniciar su Presidencia suspendiendo Diputados electos contra legem y ante la mirada de toda Europa)

Que no se note demasiado la flagrante vulneración del Estado de Derecho tiene esas servidumbres

Y eso es todo por hoy, amig@s !


Título I Del modo de proceder cuando fuere procesado un Senador o Diputado a Cortes
Artículo 750.
El Juez o Tribunal que encuentre méritos para procesar a un Senador o Diputado a Cortes por causa de delito, se abstendrá de dirigir el procedimiento contra él si las Cortes estuvieren abiertas, hasta obtener la correspondiente autorización del Cuerpo Colegislador a que pertenezca.

Artículo 751.
Cuando el Senador o Diputado a Cortes fuere delincuente in fraganti, podrá ser detenido y procesado sin la autorización a que se refiere el artículo anterior; pero en las veinticuatro horas siguientes a la detención o procesamiento deberá ponerse lo hecho en conocimiento del Cuerpo Colegislador a que corresponda.
*Se pondrá también en conocimiento del Cuerpo Colegislador respectivo la causa que existiere pendiente contra el que, estando procesado, hubiese sido elegido Senador o Diputado a Cortes.*

Artículo 752.
Si un Senador o Diputado a Cortes fuese procesado durante un interregno parlamentario, deberá el Juez o Tribunal que conozca de la causa ponerlo inmediatamente en conocimiento del respectivo Cuerpo Colegislador.
Lo mismo se observará cuando haya sido procesado un Senador o Diputado a Cortes electo antes de reunirse éstas.

*Artículo 753.
En todo caso, se suspenderán por el Secretario judicial los procedimientos desde el día en que se dé conocimiento a las Cortes, estén o no abiertas, permaneciendo las cosas en el estado en que entonces se hallen, hasta que el Cuerpo Colegislador respectivo resuelva lo que tenga por conveniente.*

Artículo 754.
Si el Senado o el congreso negasen la autorización pedida, se sobreseerá respecto al Senador o Diputado a Cortes; pero continuará la causa contra los demás procesados.

Artículo 755.
La autorización se pedirá en forma de suplicatorio, remitiendo con éste, y con el carácter de reservado, el testimonio de los cargos que resulten contra el Senador o Diputado, con inclusión de los dictámenes del Fiscal y de las peticiones particulares en que se haya solicitado la autorización.

Artículo 756.
El suplicatorio se remitirá por conducto del Ministro de Gracia y Justicia.

https://juspedia.org/legislacion/ley-enjuiciamiento-criminal/procedimientos/modo-proceder-cuando-fuere


Also: 

https://www.vilaweb.cat/noticies/claus-suspensio-presos-politics-diputats-josep-casulleras/

Also:

https://t.co/hp9aACmBqU?amp=1

Also:

https://twitter.com/mstrubell/status/1132312696022605824?s=19

5.09.2019

Drake

URL for this post : https://www.tudorsociety.com/13-december-1577-sir-francis-drake-sets-off-on-his-circumnavigation-of-the-globe/

13 December 1577 – Sir Francis Drake sets off on his circumnavigation of the Globe

On 13th December 1577, Sir Francis Drake finally left Plymouth with his fleet of five ships on a journey which would see him circumnavigating the Globe. Storm damage to two of his ships had scuppered earlier plans.

The purpose of this journey was to sail into the Pacific and raid the Spanish colonies there. It was a secret mission authorised by Queen Elizabeth I and investors of Drake’s mission included the Queen, Sir Francis Walsingham, William and George Wynter, Christopher Hatton and John Hawkins.

Only one ship, the Pelican, made it safely to the Pacific, arriving there in October 1578. As a tribute to its success it was renamed the Golden Hind, after Sir Christopher Hatton's coat of arms. Drake sailed along South America's Pacific coast, plundering towns and Spanish ports, and capturing Spanish ships laden with gold, silver and jewels. In June 1579, Drake landed just north of Point Loma (present day San Diego, California), which was Spain's northernmost holding in the Americas. He claimed it for England in the name of the Holy Trinity and called it Nova Albion, "New Britain". He then turned south and made his way back home, arriving in England in September 1580. He was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the Globe.

(Taken from On This Day in Tudor History by Claire Ridgway)


https://www.tudorsociety.com/27-january-1596-the-death-of-sir-francis-drake/)

On the 27th January 1596, Sir Francis Drake, explorer, sea captain and pirate, died of dysentery in Portobelo harbour, Panama. When he realised that death was near, he asked to be dressed in his armour. Although he requested burial on land, Drake was buried at sea in a lead coffin, along with his second cousin, Admiral Sir John Hawkins.

Drake made his first voyage to the New World at the age of around twenty-three, with Hawkins, whose family owned a fleet of ships based in Plymouth. Another voyage saw the fleet trapped by Spaniards in the Mexican port of San Juan de Ulua in 1568. Fortunately, the two men managed to escape, but they lost all but two of their fleet. In 1570 and 1571, Drake undertook two trading voyages to the West Indies, and in 1572 took two ships on a marauding campaign against the Caribbean's Spanish ports. Drake was able to capture the port of Nombre de Dios and return to England, his ships laden with Spanish booty. In 1573 Drake attacked a mule train with the help of Guillaume Le Testu, the French buccaneer, capturing around 20 tons of gold and silver.

In 1577, Elizabeth I secretly commissioned Drake to lead an expedition to the American Pacific coast where there were Spanish colonies. Drake left Plymouth on the 15th November 1577, but only one of his fleet made it to the Pacific Ocean, his flagship the Pelican, which arrived there in October 1578. The ship was renamed the Golden Hind (after Sir Christopher Hatton's coat of arms), and Drake became the first English sailor to navigate his way through the Straits of Magellan. The Golden Hind made its way north, along South America’s Pacific coast, plundering towns and Spanish ports as it went, and capturing Spanish ships laden with gold, silver and jewels. In June 1579, Drake landed just north of Point Loma (present day San Diego, California), which was Spain's northernmost holding in the Americas. He claimed it for England in the name of the Holy Trinity and called it Nova Albion, “New Britain”. He then turned south and made his way back home, arriving in England in September 1580. He was the first Englishman to circumnavigate the globe.

His achievements and his rich cargo of treasure and spices led to Elizabeth I knighting him on board his flagship on 4th April 1581. Drake presented Elizabeth with a jewel to commemorate his successful circumnavigation. It was from Mexico and was made of enamelled gold decorated with an African diamond, and a ship with an ebony hull. In return, Elizabeth presented Drake with a jewel and a portrait of herself.

In 1585, Drake set sail for the West Indies and the Florida coastline where he did what came naturally to him - plundering. He captured the Spanish port of San Augustín and returned home with some unsuccessful English colonists from Roanoke Island. His actions made Philip of Spain furious and war was imminent, but worse was to come for the Spanish king: in 1587, Drake sailed to Cadiz and Corunna, in Spain, where he destroyed 37 ships with which Spain was preparing to attack England.

In 1588, Drake was Vice Admiral of the English fleet under Lord Howard of Effingham, the fleet which defeated the Spanish Armada. On 29th July 1588, Drake and Howard organised fire ships to send into the Spanish fleet at Calais to break their formation and to force them out to sea. The next day, Drake was present at the famous Battle of Gravelines.

In 1589, Sir Francis Drake and Sir John Norreys were given orders to 1) Seek out and destroy any remaining Spanish ships, 2) Help the rebels in Lisbon, Portugal and 3) Take the Azores for England. Unfortunately, 12,000 lives and 20 ships were lost off the Spanish coast. [see https://ca.wikipedia.org/wiki/Expedici%C3%B3_Drake-Norris_del_1589 ]

Drake's final voyage to the West Indies and South America was a bit of a disaster. He failed to take the port of Las Palmas, and also San Juan in Puerto Rico. He managed to survive a Spanish attack which saw a cannonball shot through the cabin of his ship, but he died of dysentery in 1596.

Click here to find out more about Drake's circumnavigation of the globe.

Tudor Society members can read a bio of Sir Francis Drake - click here.

(Taken from On This Day in Tudor History by Claire Ridgway)




5.04.2019

5.02.2019

Betancor and Vidal, GEC

Here is a quick English rendering of the opinion of prof. Andrés Betancor, a member of the Spanish Electoral Commission proposed by Ciudadanos, as regards President Puigdemont's right to stand for election (competing with Ciudadanos). Unwittingly it reveals the basic flaw of the judgment: it has no legal grounding.

5.01.2019

JEC-KRLS

This is the original, and an English translation by MM and MS, of an unprecedented ruling by the Spanish Electoral Board, agreeing by a request by two Spanish nationalist parties, Ciudadanos and Partido Popular, to have President Puigdemont, Minister Ponsatí and Minister Comín banned from standing for election to the European Parliament on May 26th. That it is highly controversial is underlined by the dissenting votes by four members of the Board, including the President and the Vice-president!

Click here if need be to access the whole text

4.29.2019

resultats eleccions a Catalunya

Some comparative election results. 
Click here Més informació if need be to read the whole post

4.25.2019

1-Oct 2017: Sant Julià de Ramis and police violence


Click below on ''Més informació'' if need be to read the whole post

El valor econòmic i cultural del francès en el segle XXI

Conferència.
Miquel Strubell.
Click on Més informació if need be to read the whole post

Baròmetre de l'ús del català a Internet