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1.09.2018

World Electoral Freedom Index 2018





World Electoral Freedom Index 2018

The state of democracies at a glance
Prof. José Antonio Peña

Fundación para el Avance de la Libertad, Madrid
ISBN: 978-84-697-8110-4

http://www.fundalib.org/wp-content/uploads/2018/01/IMLE2018.pdf

(1) POLITICAL DEVELOPMENT INDEX (PDI)
This subindex contributes 10% to the general calculation. It contains 15 indicators, mainly official, intended to measure the preconditions of the electoral freedom in each country. They are grouped in three areas: political and legal indicators, indicators of overall freedom in other aspects of society, and indicators of economic development.


(2) ACTIVE SUFFRAGE FREEDOM INDEX (ASFI)
Active suffrage, like passive suffrage, contributes 30% to the general index. It has been prepared on the basis of four large areas that incorporate more than a dozen indicators. These areas are the universality of suffrage and its restrictions, the characteristics of the rights of the voter, the electoral roll, and election and counting procedures.


(3) PASSIVE SUFFRAGE FREEDOM INDEX (PSFI)
Passive suffrage also contributes 30% to the general index. The areas that have been taken into account in determining the freedom of passive suffrage have been six: restrictions thereof, requirements for its exercise, barriers to entry, characteristics of the election campaign, the election process, and the distortion of the result. A total of 15 indicators have been considered to cover these areas.


(4) ELECTOR EMPOWERMENT INDEX (EEI)
This subindex, like the two indices of freedom of suffrage, contributes 30% to the score of the main index. In order to estimate the degree of empowerment of citizens in their role as electors, we have assessed the following areas using 14 indicators: effectiveness of the election, direct decision-making procedures by the electorate, political pluralism, real power of the representatives and capacity to oust them, and integrity of the political process. 









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